How Many EV Chargers Are There in the U.S.?

By
Laurance Yap
Jun 2024
4
min
Making the switch to an EV is getting easier. Between January 2021 and January 2024, the number of public EV chargers nearly doubled to over 180,000 available charging ports. Between now and 2030, that number will grow to over 500,000.
Public EV charging station
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How Many EV Chargers Are There in the U.S.?

Potential buyers often cite concerns about the availability of public chargers as one of the reasons they’re reluctant to make the leap to an electric vehicle. Drivers are used to finding gasoline when and where we need it – and want the same convenience with an EV. And while charging infrastructure still has a ways to go to keep up with growing sales of EVs, recently released data from the U.S. Joint Office of Energy and Transportation shows that the public charging network is growing rapidly. Indeed, between January 2021 and January 2024, the number of available charging ports grew from just over 100,000 to over 180,000.

That’s great news for existing electric car owners, as well as those considering an electric car; more ports means more convenience. More new stations make long-distance travel easier, and more ports at each station also mean it’s far less likely that you’ll need to wait to access a charging port on the go.

graphic of U.S. public EV charging ports by month

How Many DC Fast Chargers Are Available?

Breaking down the numbers, the greatest percentage increase in terms of EV charging is in Level 3, or DC fast chargers. These chargers, which provide the quickest charge so you can plug in, have a coffee, and be on your way during a road trip, are typically located in highly-travelled areas. The federal government’s National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) program has provided significant funding to providers installing charging stations within one mile of interstate freeways.

Tesla, a company that for a long time only provided access to its high-quality Supercharger network for its own drivers, recently signed deals with numerous automakers, in part to access some of the federal infrastructure money; that means that the company’s 13,000-plus Superchargers can make electric driving more convenient for more than just Tesla owners. In total, there are now over 43,000 Level 3 chargers available to EV drivers, with more being added every day.

Where Can I Access Level 2 Charging?

Across the U.S., the majority of publicly-accessible EV chargers are Level 2. Similar to the type of chargers you would use at home, Level 2 chargers operate on a 240-volt connection and will take several hours to fully charge an electric vehicle. While not a convenient option for quick charging on a road trip, they are significantly more economical, and are the perfect option for a top-up at locations where drivers have some “dwell time,” like shopping malls, grocery stores, office buildings, and public car parks. Over 140,000 Level 2 chargers are now available to American EV drivers.

The Joint Office also lists a total of just under 900 Level 1 plugs, which run on a 110-volt connection. While useful in a pinch to add a few miles of range, these chargers are not really a good option for EV owners looking to gain much range. They are, however, useful for drivers of plug-in hybrid vehicles that might be parking their car for a couple of hours.

Expanding EV Charging Infrastructure

While the public EV charging network has grown a lot in the last couple of years, it is set to grow even more quickly between now and 2030. The U.S. government has set aside billions to help fund the installation of a total of 500,000 chargers across the country by then – with a focus on high-speed chargers that make long distance driving more convenient. 23 states have already awarded agreements to fund more than 550 charging stations with at least four DC fast chargers, and 36 more have released their first round of requests for proposal.

Even as the public charging infrastructure continues to expand, the overall infrastructure for EV charging in the U.S. is improving, as well. For many EV owners, charging at home is both the most convenient as well as the cheapest option for charging – overnight electricity rates mean fully charging an EV can cost just a few dollars.

In a sense, every driveway and garage connected to a private residence is part of our EV charging infrastructure – indeed, those garages and driveways will represent the vast majority of the chargers we’ll use. But the continued growth of public charging means that drivers who live in shared accommodations, park on the street, or don’t otherwise have home charging access, will also be able to confidently make the switch to electric.

Front view of a Tesla Model 3 driving through canyon roads

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